Authors: Rousse N, Robin E, Juthier F, Hysi I, Banfi C, Al Ibrahim M, Coadou H, Goldstein P, Wiel E, Vincentelli A.

Reference: Artif Organs. 2016 Sep;40(9):904-9

Out-of-Hospital refractory Cardiac Arrest (OHrCA) has a mortality rate between 90 and 95%. Since 2009, French medical academic societies have recommended the use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for OHrCA. According to these guidelines, patients were eligible for ECLS support if vital signs were still present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), or if cardiac arrest was secondary to intoxication or hypothermia (≤32°C). Otherwise, patients would receive ECLS if (i) no-flow duration was less than 5 min; (ii) time delays from CPR to ECLS start (low flow) were less than 100 min; and (iii) expiratory end tidal CO2 (ETCO2 ) was more than 10 mm Hg 20 min after initiating CPR. We have reported here our experience with ECLS in OHrCA according to the previous guidelines. We retrospectively analyzed mortality rates of patients supported with ECLS in case of OHrCA. From December 2009 to December 2013, 183 patients were assisted with ECLS, among which 32 cases were of OHrCA. Mean age for the OHrCA patients was 43.6 years. Over two-thirds were male (71.9%). Causes of OHrCA included intoxication, isolated hypothermia

Pubmed ID: 26684540